[xep-support] Ligature confusion (ae, etc.)

From: David Nedrow <dnedrow@mac.com>
Date: Thu Jan 18 2007 - 09:19:05 PST

OK, let's take a simple sample.

Given this Docbook snippet...

    <para>This is a test of the ligatures ae, &AElig;, &aelig;, &OElig;,
     &oelig;, ij, st, et, Et, ss, ng, ue, fs, fi, fj, fl, ff, ffi,
ffl, fa,
     fe, fo, fr, fs, ft, du, fy, 'f.', 'f,', 'f-', and %0 .</para>

Note that this is a general list of ligatures and character
combinations and I know that some may not be valid in all fonts/

My Helvetica font has a ligature for small letter "ae" (Unicode U
+00E6). However, if I define the ligature in the xep.xml file as ...

       <font-family name="Helvetica" ligatures="ae">

xep generates the following warning....

[warning] file:/Volumes/iDisk/local/xep-4.9-20070115/xep.xml:
Character U+61 is not recognized as a ligature; character ignored
[warning] file:/Volumes/iDisk/local/xep-4.9-20070115/xep.xml:
Character U+65 is not recognized as a ligature; character ignored

61 and 65 obviously refer to a and e separately.

Most of the expected ligatures (fi, fl, etc) work. ae does not get
converted to a ligaturized presentation. ae is U+00E6 in the font.

In the reference doc, the only reference to ligatures is,
where the doc notes...

"The characters must be a Unicode ligature codepoints." and
"ligaturization does not work for characters that undergo contextual

I'm guessing ae falls into one of these two categories. Any ideas if
I can simply type "ae" and expect it to work, or will I just need to
use &aelig; going forward?

Also, are "Unicode ligature codepoints" an actual, defined list of
ligatures somewhere in the Unicode spec?


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Received on Thu Jan 18 09:35:26 2007

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